Signs & Symptoms
of Valley Fever

More than 60% of people infected with Valley Fever don't know it. They may experience mild flu-like symptoms or no symptoms at all and recover with no medical diagnosis or treatment.

When symptoms are present, they generally show up between one to three weeks from exposure and inhalation of the fungal spore. Symptoms may by similar to those of other common illnesses.

Pneumonia-like symptoms include:

  • Cough
  • Chest Pain
  • Difficulty Breathing
  • Coughing Blood

Other symptoms may include:

  • Fatigue
  • Profuse Night-Sweating
  • Loss of Appetite
  • Fever
  • Rash
  • Weight Loss
  • Headache
  • Muscle and Joint Aches
    (often in ankles and knees)
  • Painful Red Bumps that Turn Brown (often on shins and forearms)
  • Skin Lesions
  • Vomiting
  • Stiff Neck
  • Central Nervous System Disturbances

If you, a friend, a loved one or a pet experience any of these symptoms, contact your doctor or vet and ask to be tested for Valley Fever. Valley Fever can only be determined by a laboratory test ordered by a doctor.


Treatment of
Valley Fever

In the majority of cases, the immune system is able to control the infection on its own. In those persons, treatment may be unnecessary, and infection produces an immunity that protects them from future infections for the rest of their lives.

For people or pets that do need treatment, there are antifungal drugs that can be given orally or by vein to control the fungus and its symptoms. In cases where Valley Fever has created abscesses in the skin, lungs, bones or joints, surgery may be required to remove or drain infected areas. While the antifungal medications or naturally developed immunity can control an infection, there is presently no cure for Valley Fever.

CONTACT & RESOURCES

Contact the Valley Fever Center for Excellence or access additional resources related to Valley Fever using the information below.

  • Valley Fever Center for Excellence
  • 1656 E. Mabel St.
    P.O. Box 245215
    Tucson, Arizona 85724-4224

  • Phone: (520) 626-6517
  • Fax: (520) 626-4971
  • vfever@email.arizona.edu